We are going to begin to learn 10 problem solving strategies to put into your Problem Solving Toolbox.
For any kind of problem solving you need to select the appropriate equipment to help you with the task. But you will always need your BRAIN!! 😉
E.G. (for example)
- squared paper
- white board & marker
Not everyone will need the same equipment.
It really depends on you and the way you think.
And on the problem you are trying to solve.
Tools and strategies for your Problem Solving Toolbox
ACT IT OUT – This involves using manipulatives, or people, or drawings to help your thinking.
DRAW A PICTURE OR DIAGRAM – This needs you to draw out the problem to help your thinking
MAKE A LIST, TABLE OR CHART – You will need to sketch out some kind of organizing tool for this type of problem
GUESS AND CHECK – estimation and checking using any of the strategies for number operations you have learned
FIND A PATTERN – paper, pencil, eyes, focus, and brain work is needed for this!
WORK BACKWARDS – maybe using a white board and marker
LOGICAL REASONING – careful thinking and a way to see your thinking (drawing, writing, sketching) will help here, and use of any learned strategy for organizing your thinking
WRITE AN EQUATION OR A NUMBER SENTENCE – sometimes using numbers to make sense of your thinking will help solve a problem
CHOOSE THE CORRECT OPERATION – use all your prior knowledge of number operation (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) to help you
SOLVE A SIMPLER PROBLEM – make a big problem smaller by chunking it into smaller pieces, and solve each piece at a time to get to the end of your problem
Materials taken from: –
“POW – Problem of the week” – G3-4 High interest Math problems to reinforce your curriculum
(The Mailbox, Reproducible materials — ISBN 1-56234-522-2)