Problem solving strategies

We are going to begin to learn 10 problem solving strategies to put into your Problem Solving Toolbox.

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For any kind of problem solving you need to select the appropriate equipment to help you with the task. But you will always need your BRAIN!! 😉

 

 

E.G. (for example)

  • cubes
  • calculators
  • paper
  • squared paper
  • pencils
  • shapes
  • scissors
  • glue
  • people
  • counters
  • white board & marker

Not everyone will need the same equipment.

It really depends on you and the way you think.

And on the problem you are trying to solve.

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Tools and strategies for your Problem Solving Toolbox

 

ACT IT OUT – This involves using manipulatives, or people, or drawings to help your thinking.

Act it out

DRAW A PICTURE OR DIAGRAM – This needs you to draw out the problem to help your thinking

Draw a picture or a diagram

MAKE A LIST, TABLE OR CHART – You will need to sketch out some kind of organizing tool for this type of problem

Make a list, table, or chart

GUESS AND CHECK – estimation and checking using any of the strategies for number operations you have learned

Guess and check

FIND A PATTERN – paper, pencil, eyes, focus, and brain work is needed for this!

Find a pattern

WORK BACKWARDS – maybe using a white board and marker

Work Backward

LOGICAL REASONING – careful thinking and a way to see your thinking (drawing, writing, sketching) will help here, and use of any learned strategy for organizing your thinking

Logical reasoning

WRITE AN EQUATION OR A NUMBER SENTENCE – sometimes using numbers to make sense of your thinking will help solve a problem

Write an equation or a number sentence

CHOOSE THE CORRECT OPERATION – use all your prior knowledge of number operation (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) to help you

Choose the correct operation

SOLVE A SIMPLER PROBLEM make a big problem smaller by chunking it into smaller pieces, and solve each piece at a time to get to the end of your problem

Solve a s simpler problem

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Materials taken from: –

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“POW – Problem of the week” – G3-4  High interest Math problems to reinforce your curriculum

(The Mailbox, Reproducible materials  — ISBN 1-56234-522-2)

 

 

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