Biomes are very large ecological areas on the earth’s surface, with fauna (animals) and flora (plants) adapting to their environment.
Biomes are often defined by factors such as climate, relief, geology, soils and vegetation. A biome is NOT an ecosystem, although in a way it can look like a massive ecosystem. If you take a closer look, you will notice that plants or animals in any of the biomes have special adaptations that make it possible for them to exist in that area. You may find many units of ecosystems within one biome.
There are five major categories of biomes on earth. In these five, there are many smaller biomes (or sub-biomes), under which are many more well defined ecosystems.
Let us find out what kinds of biomes there are:
(Information adapted from Interactive Learning Resource – eschooltoday.com )