Investigating vocabulary using the Freyer Model

Choose up to 10 of the words you didn’t know from your Knowledge Rating Scale (If you knew them all – !!! – choose 10 that you find hard to spell). The Rating Scale is in your U.o.I. Journals.

Copy the Freyer Model into your journals. Use your ruler to make the lines nice and straight. You need a new one for each word you use, so you should have about 10 in your journal.

Freyer model

Blank Freyer ModelExample of a completed Freyer Model (You, of course, have to draw the picture! It can be a like a cartoon thing with action in it if you need it to be.)

Example of completed Freyer Model

Consumers – STP U.o.I.

A consumer is anything that eats to get energy and nutrients  (Herbivores, Carnivores, Insectivores, or Omnivores)

Animals are called consumers. This is because they cannot make their own food, so they need to consume (eat) plants and/or animals.

(see photos below)

There are 3 types of consumers: –

  1. Herbivores – Only eat plants (producers)
  2. Carnivores – Only eat animals (consumers)
  3. Omnivores – Eat both plants and animals

Which do you think would survive if there was a food shortage? Why do you think that?

Herbivores

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Carnivores

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Omnivores

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What is the difference between a biome and an ecosystem?

It is easy to confuse an ECOSYSTEM and a BIOME.

Read this post on ecosystems.

Then read this post on biomes.

What can we conclude after reading this information and our discussion?

twistlin

 

TASK 1

Work in pairs to make a Venn diagram, and write the differences and similarities of ecosystems and biomes.

 

twistlin

 

TASK 2

  • Get into groups of 3 or 4.
  • Choose a different biome for each group (BTW – there are six on your knowledge rating scale….grasslands, wetlands, ocean, arctic, tundra, savanna)
  • Make a poster that clearly shows all the information you know about your biome.
  • Check out this website – Enchanted learning – biomes – for clues and help
  • Display your poster for every one to learn from your research and work!

 

Your poster should include references to: –

  1. Location – Where in the world can this biome be found?
  2. Landforms/Elevation – Are there mountains, flat lands, underwater places, at / above / below sea level….?
  3. Climate (seasons, temperature & rainfall) – What’s the weather like? Seasons? Temperature? Rainfall?
  4. Water – Is there fresh water or salt water in this biome?
  5. Plant life – What kind of plant life can you find in this biome?
  6. Animal life – What kind of animal life can you find in this biome?

twistlin

 

TASK 3 – FOLLOW UP ACTIVITY – checking that the posters are effective.

In groups, look at each others posters. Can you find the  following information from the other posters? Make a note of the information in your U.o.I. journals. Don’t forget to write the title of the biome poster you are looking at.

  1. Location – Where in the world can this biome be found?
  2. Landforms/Elevation – Are there mountains, flat lands, underwater places, at / above / below sea level….?
  3. Climate (seasons, temperature & rainfall) – What’s the weather like? Seasons? Temperature? Rainfall?
  4. Water – Is there fresh water or salt water in this biome?
  5. Plant life – What kind of plant life can you find in this biome?
  6. Animal life – What kind of animal life can you find in this biome?

 

  • Did you find all the information you needed? If not, what was was missing?
  • Was each poster effective, or could some of the posters have been better?
  • What would you recommend to the groups that made the posters so they can improve their posters?
  • Do you think this will help you check your own posters by yourself in the future before you display them?

What is a biome?

Biomes are very large ecological areas on the earth’s surface, with fauna (animals) and flora (plants) adapting to their environment.

Biomes are often defined by factors such as climate, relief, geology, soils and vegetation. A biome is NOT an ecosystem, although in a way it can look like a massive ecosystem. If you take a closer look, you will notice that plants or animals in any of the biomes have special adaptations that make it possible for them to exist in that area. You may find many units of ecosystems within one biome.

There are five major categories of biomes on earth. In these five, there are many smaller biomes (or sub-biomes), under which are many more well defined ecosystems.

Let us find out what kinds of biomes there are:

Go to this website and click on the buttons to find out about each biomes

 

(Information adapted from Interactive Learning Resource – eschooltoday.com )

What is an Ecosystem?

An ecosystem includes all of the living things (plants, animals and organisms) in a given area, interacting with each other, and also with their non-living environments (weather, earth, sun, soil, climate, atmosphere).

In an ecosystem, each organism has its own role to play.

Consider a small puddle at the back of your home. In it, you may find all sorts of living things, from microorganisms, to insects and plants. These may depend on non-living things like water, sunlight, temperature, atmospheric pressure and even nutrients in the water for life.

This very complex, wonderful interaction of living things and their environment, has been the foundations of energy flow and recycle of carbon and nitrogen.

Anytime a ‘stranger’ (living thing(s) or an external factor such as rise in temperature) is introduced to an ecosystem, it can be very bad for that ecosystem. This is because the new organism (or factor) can upset the natural balance of the interaction and maybe harm or destroy the ecosystem.

Unfortunately ecosystems have been disrupted, and even destroyed by natural disasters such as fires, floods, storms and volcanic eruptions. Human activities have also contributed to the disturbance of many ecosystems and biomes.

 

(Information adapted from Interactive Learning Resource – eschooltoday.com )

Competition – New Town Design

Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome to this wonderful occasion!

The Chinese Government have in the generosity and kindness given us a patch of beautiful vacant land to build a brand new city. You have been gathered here today as experts in your field so that you can come up with a design to win the competition to see who can create the best city plan. The new city will be called 新城镇 (Xīn chéngzhèn), or New Town.

Screen Shot 2014-03-28 at 1.21.20 PMIn your groups, use all the information you have gathered in the past few weeks that have helped you to become experts in your field of city planning.

Here is a photo of the final presentation board.

Final presentation boardONE SQUARE measures 1km x 1km (just to give you an idea, from the Secret Garden to the very edge of the MS car park is not a whole kilometer! Google Earth says it is just under 1/2 km/500m).

Basic WAB floor plan

You will have a smaller cardboard planning grid to help you. HERE is an extra planning grid A3 if you need to use it; you can print as many as you need. You can include your knowledge of: –

  • zoning (Residential, industrial, commercial)
  • infrastructure (Means of transport, roads, utilities, communication)
  • community services (Hospitals, police station, fire stations, libraries, road building and maintenance, communication (telephones and Internet provision), etc…)
  • community structure (families with children, working people, religious groups, people with disabilities, etc…)
  • other necessities of a city (Relaxation and recreation opportunities, exercise, amusement, culture, etc…)

Screen Shot 2014-03-28 at 1.20.51 PMThe winning design will include thoughtful placements of all of the above, and will also have ‘something extra’ that will make it stand out from all the rest.

You will build a 3D model of your city, that will be displayed in a public place for people to leave comments and suggestions. We will also do a ‘Gallery Walk’ here, to help us move things along.

You will asked to accompany your final design with a persuasive piece of writing explaining why your city is the best design and why you should win the competition.

We look forward to seeing your final presentations! Have fun!

Essential Services

What are essential services?

These heading show the essential services  a community needs to function.

Let’s discuss each one to see how each service might help a community, and what the community would be like without them. Once we have discussed them, you will then rank them in order if importance (1-10; 1 being Very Important, 10 being the least important). we will then make a graph to show our thoughts.

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